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2012年8月1日 星期三

[規則解說]由奧運官網的錯誤談起 -- 決定小組賽的排名規則


已修正過的奧運官網截圖, 當初忘了先抓下來當比對資料, 不熟悉的規則的人還會以為這才是錯誤的排名

 今天晚上倫敦奧運官網犯了一個我在去年柳州超級系列年度總決賽時同樣的錯誤, 他們一度誤以為中國的田卿/趙芸蕾是女雙D組第一, 丹麥的佩卓森/萊特.茱兒是第二, 他們以為D組三隊都是 2 勝 1 負, 先以淨勝局數排除日本之後, 看到中國及丹麥隊的淨勝局數都是 2 之後, 就直接比較他們的淨得分, 以為中國的田卿/趙芸蕾是分組第一, 丹麥隊是分第二. 不過這樣的算法是錯誤的!!

 其實我本來是沒有注意到奧運官網的分組排名資料是錯誤的, 是經常為麗台體育報撰寫羽球新聞的黃秀仁記者在我的 Facebook 留言, 我才知道他們犯了這個錯誤, 黃秀仁對此結果感到傻眼, 還一度以為規則有所修改.

 不過曾犯下相同錯誤的我知道奧運官網一定搞錯了, 果然沒多久, 他們就重新貼出正確的結果(見上圖), 看到統計數據, 一般不熟悉規則的人也會自然認為中國隊應該是分組第一. 不過世界羽聯在競賽規則有對小組賽如何決定排名詳細的規定.


 世界羽聯"競賽通則"第16.2條"有關小組賽個人排名的規則,
 16.2.1 首先以選手贏的比賽場次數來決定.
 16.2.2 若有兩位(組)選手贏得相同場次的比賽, 將由這兩者之間的比賽勝者排名較高.
 16.2.3 若有三位(組)或更多的選手都贏得相同場次的比賽, 將由彼此的淨勝局數來決定.
 16.2.3.1 若經過上述程序後, 只剩下兩位(組)選手, 將由彼此之間的比賽勝者排名較高.
 16.2.4 若三位(組)或更多的選手都贏得相同場次的比賽, 而彼此的淨勝局數也相同, 將計算淨勝分數, 依淨勝分數來排出高低.
 16.2.4.1 若經過上述程序後, 只剩下兩位(組)選手, 將由彼此之間的比賽勝者排名較高.
 16.2.4.2 若三位(組)或更多的選手經以上的比較後, 仍不分高下, 將由抽籤決定.


 今天這個情況就是個很好的例子, 原本在程文欣/簡毓瑾擊敗日本隊的藤井瑞希/垣岩令佳之後, 我就開始計算B組與D組的排名可能變化, 當時兩組都還有一場比賽沒打, 不過B組印度隊的淨勝局數是 -1, 即使她們以直落二取勝新加坡隊, 她們的淨勝局數最多只有 1 局, 落後於中華隊及日本隊的 2 局淨勝局, 所以她們最多也只能拿到第三。而根據第16.2.2條的規定, 中華隊成為B組的第一名.

 而D組最後的成績是田卿/趙芸蕾, 佩卓森/萊特.茱兒及前田美順/末綱聰子三組戰績都是 2 勝 1負, 於是先根據 16.2.3 條的規則, 日本隊落居第三, 剩下中國隊及丹麥隊. 此時就要根據 16.2.3.1 條的規定才決定誰排名較高--兩者對戰記錄的勝者, 而不是跳過這條規則去引用 16.2.4 去比較淨勝分數.

 不過沒有實際經驗的人很容易犯下這樣的錯誤, 也可以算是幫助大家學習世界羽聯的競賽規則.

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