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2017年12月7日 星期四

[規則釋疑]2018年世界羽聯將使用輔助測量工具幫助發球審執行發球限高規則

 世界羽聯(BWF)在11月28日投出震撼彈, 那就是將在2018年試行發球新規則: 在發球者球拍擊打羽球的瞬間, 羽球與球場地面距離必須在1.15公尺以下, 且這項新規則將自3月的全英公開賽開始, 全面性地在BWF主辦的一級賽事(世青盃賽事除外)、新合併的二級六等世界巡迴賽及4月的洲際錦標賽進行試行,直到2018年底。

 既然決定要試行, 實際執行的裁判必須先接受相關的培訓才能正確的執法, BWF將於 1月先在吉隆坡總部對BWF認證的裁判評鑑官舉辦講習會說明如何使用測量工具來進行執法, 接著在 2月間舉行的洲際團體錦標賽期間再對各洲的裁判舉辦訓練課程。

 現在外界最好奇的是實際如何操作, 有各種揣測: 有人說是在網柱標定高度, 有人說在球網上標定高度, 經過與 BWF 人員連繫之後,他提供實際輔助測量工具及實際使用的照片給我。

 大家只要看到照片, 就能一目瞭然。


收在袋子裡的樣子


拿出來立起來的樣子


日前在韓國泰陵國家訓練中心羽球館實際使用的情況

 沒想到使用方法是如此原始, 就是在發球審的視線前方放上一根金屬立柱, 上方有"兩片"透明的壓克力板, 板上有條與地面平行的黑線, 距離地面1.15公尺, 發球審坐在座位上看過去, 發球者球拍擊球瞬間不得超過這條黑線。

 一面場地就需要兩根這樣的測量工具, BWF允諾將提供各國羽球協會足夠的數量, 以方便他們舉辦比賽。


印尼羽協 12月21日在官方 Twitter 帳號貼出他們拿到的工具照片

 5 月於泰國舉行湯尤盃期間所召開BWF年度大會將通過修改發球規則的提議, 並同時授權 BWF 執委會在測試成效不佳時得以撤回修改發球規則的提議, 修改發球規則的提議內容有二條, 除了 將發球限高訂為明確的 115 公分外, 還同時將規則 9.1.7 條規定擊球瞬間球拍中竿必須朝下列為選項,也就是說非必要, 無強制性, 因為擊球的高度已經明定。

 所以BWF希望各國羽協能在 5月年度大會提出對這項發球高度限制規則的各種意見及反應。

試用新規賽事

 BWF幾乎是全面試行這項規則, 包括BWF主辦的無獎金一級賽事—曼谷湯尤盃及南京世界錦標賽, 3月全英公開賽之後所有的二級六等賽事及 4月間的洲際冠軍錦標賽, 例如亞錦賽、歐錦賽及泛美錦標賽。

 那麼有哪些賽事在明年是不用採用這修實驗性發球規則?世青盃, 也就是所有青少年級的比賽都不用, 因為萬一將來撤回這條實驗性規則, 青少年沒有必要現在參與實驗. 另外就是明年 1月的泰國公主盃大師賽到 3月初的德國公開賽等的 7 站二級 Level 4~5 賽事, 以及 2月間的亞洲, 歐洲, 美洲, 大洋洲及非洲錦標賽, 還有就是包括國際挑戰賽、國際系列賽及未來系列賽的三級(Grade 3)賽事也不必採用。

 以下就是明年主要採用這條規則的賽事行事曆,而灰底黑字的部分賽事則還是採行現有的不得超腰規定, 選手在參賽、球迷在觀賽時要注意, 可別賣弄, 反而弄出笑話。

日期 名稱 等級 獎金 地點
1/9~14 泰國公主盃大師賽 Level 5 150,000 曼谷
1/16~21 Perodua盃馬來西亞大師賽 Level 4 350,000 吉隆坡
1/23~28 Daihatsu盃 印尼大師賽 Level 4 350,000 雅加達
1/30~2/4 Yonex-Sunrise 印度公開賽 Level 4 350,000 新德里
2/6~11 亞洲團體錦標賽

亞羅士打
2/6~11 大洋洲團體暨個人錦標賽

紐西蘭
2/13~18 歐洲男女團體錦標賽

喀山
2/15~18 美洲大陸男女團體錦標賽

塔卡里瓜
2/16~18 非洲團體暨個人錦標賽

阿爾吉利亞
2/20~25 瑞士公開賽 Level 5 150,000 巴塞爾
2/27~3/4 西班牙公開賽 Level 5 150,000 畢爾巴
3/6~11 德國公開賽 Level 5 150,000 米爾海姆
3/14~18 全英公開賽 Level 2 1,000,000 伯明罕
3/27~4/1 法國奧爾良公開賽 Level 6 75,000 奧爾良
4/10~15 中國 Level 6 Level 6 75,000 陵水
4/24~29 亞洲錦標賽 洲際賽
中國武漢
4/24~29 歐洲錦標賽 洲際賽
西班牙韋爾瓦
4/26~29 泛美洲錦標賽 洲際賽
瓜地馬拉
5/1~6 紐西蘭公開賽 Level 5 150,000 奧克蘭
5/8~13 澳洲公開賽 Level 5 150,000 雪梨
5/20~27 湯尤盃 BWF
泰國
6/12~17 美國公開賽 Level 5 150,000 地點未定
6/19~24 加拿大公開賽 Level 6 75,000 地點未定
6/26~7/1 馬來西亞公開賽 Level 3 700,000 吉隆坡
7/3~8 BCA盃印尼公開賽 Level 2 1,250,000 雅加達
7/10~15 泰國公開賽 Level 4 350,000 曼谷
7/17~22 新加坡公開賽 Level 4 350,000 新加坡
7/24~29 日本大師賽 Level 6 75,000 日本秋田
7/24~29 俄羅斯公開賽 Level 6 75,000 海參崴
7/30~8/5 世界錦標賽 BWF
南京
8/7~12 越南公開賽 Level 6 75,000 胡志明市
9/4~9 海德拉巴德公開賽 Level 6 150,000 海德拉巴德
9/11~16 日本公開賽 Level 3 700,000 東京
9/18~23 中國公開賽 Level 2 1,000,000 江蘇常州
9/18~23 印尼 Level 6 Level 6 75,000 地點未定
9/25~30 韓國公開賽 Level 4 600,000 首爾
10/2~7 中華台北公開賽 Level 5 200,000 台北市
10/9~14 荷蘭公開賽 Level 6 75,000 阿爾梅
10/16~21 丹麥公開賽 Level 3 700,000 奧登塞
10/23~28 法國公開賽 Level 3 750,000 巴黎
10/30~11/4 澳門公開賽 Level 5 150,000 澳門
10/30~11/4 Bitburger 大師賽 Level 6 75,000 薩爾巴魯根
11/6~11 中國大師賽 Level 3 700,000 福州
11/13~18 香港公開賽 Level 4 350,000 香港
11/20~25 蘇格蘭公開賽 Level 6 75,000 格拉斯哥
11/20~25 賽伊德.莫迪印度國際錦標賽 Level 5 150,000 勒克瑙
11/27~12/2 韓國大師賽 Level 5 250,000 光州

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