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2017年12月16日 星期六

[規則釋疑]再談小組賽排名規則--從戴資穎在2017年年終賽遭規則淘汰談起

  2017 年杜拜超級系列年終賽第三天對台灣及香港球迷來說, 都是個遺憾的日子, 戴資穎雖然與同組的因達農、陳雨菲都是 2 勝 1 負, 但是彼此互咬, 所以必須以勝負局數差來分出高低,, 而且更遺憾的是戴資穎在上場之前, 就已經確定無法晉級, 但她沒有因此而放鬆, 還是一樣認真地面對老對手--韓國的成池鉉。

 下圖是第二天比賽結束後的成績與排名, 因達農以兩勝居首, 戴資穎與陳雨菲則以一勝一負居次, 而戴資穎則以交手記錄佔優,  成池鉉則是兩負墊底。


 但是在陳雨菲以 21-18, 13-21, 21-18 擊敗因達農之後, 情勢匹變, 因達農與陳雨菲都是二勝一負, 因達農的勝負局數差變成 3, 陳雨菲變成 2, 而戴資穎當時則是 -1, 所以即使戴資穎直落二擊敗成池鉉也還是無法爭取到小組前二, 晉級四強。



 有的網友愛烏及屋地懷疑因達農是故意輸球, "害"戴資穎無法晉級, 其實這真得沒必要, 而且不太可能, 因為因達農原本與陳雨菲的交手記錄就是三連敗, 沒有贏過, 難道她希望變成四連敗, 而且還有可能在接下來的比賽再遇到. 如果說她希望能讓陳雨菲或戴資穎誰晉級的話, 我想她應該會選戴資穎, 至少在交手記錄稍微佔優勢。

 而男單 A 組因為諶龍在抽籤後退賽, 使得孫完虎, 李宗偉及伍家朗三人爭奪兩個晉級名額, 第一天李宗偉直落二擊敗伍家朗, 伍家朗在第二天 2:1 擊敗孫完虎, 沒想到孫完虎竟然在第三天逆轉擊敗李宗偉, 使得三人形成互咬的局面, 而伍家朗最後也就因為第一天直落二輸球, 導致他在勝負局數差為 -1 落居下風, 李宗偉以 1 居首, 孫完虎以 0 居次。

 以上兩例都是引用羽球競賽通則(請參見文末)的 16.2.3, 因為三位選手的勝負局數差能直接分出高低, 但是以往也有必須引用更多的規則才能分出高低的實例, 以2011年柳州超級系列年終賽女單 A 組的成績表為例:

Rk Athelete Matches played Games Points
MP Won Lost Won Lost Diff. Won Lost Diff.
1 蒂娜.鮑恩 3 2 1 4 2 2 112 87 25
2 王儀涵 3 2 1 5 3 2 154 133 21
3 成池鉉 3 2 1 4 3 1 127 144 -17
4 荀恩克 3 0 3 1 6 -5 119 148 -29












  蒂娜.鮑恩. 王儀涵及成池鉉都是 2 勝 1 負, 而成池鉉因為勝負局數差比其他兩人少而先遭到淘汰, 由蒂娜.鮑恩與王儀涵晉級, 那接下來呢? 剛看完上述規則的朋友自然的反應是: 那就比勝負分數差, 蒂娜是 25 分, 王儀涵是 21分, 蒂娜是小組第一, 王儀涵是第二。

 結果這個答案是錯誤的, 請再仔細看一下規則, 是在哪種情況下才需要比較勝負分數差, 必須是三位(組)或更多的選手都贏得相同場數, 且彼此的勝負局數差也相同, 才需要比勝負分數差, 所以上面這個例子應該是拿出王儀涵與蒂娜.鮑恩的交手記錄來看, 結果是王儀涵以分組第一晉級。



 而這個錯誤不要說一般人會犯, 就連 2012 年倫敦奧運官網也曾經犯過, 下圖是他們已經更正過的,  他們當初也就是看到中國女雙田卿/趙芸蕾與丹麥女雙萊特.茱兒/佩卓森的勝負局數差相同之後, 就自動以勝負分數差來排出名次, 把田卿/趙芸蕾排在第一, 後來經人指正後才更正。

 [規則解說]由奧運官網的錯誤談起 -- 決定小組賽的排名規則




 我從2008年北京奧運後開始關注羽球, 雖然看過很多次小組賽的結果, 但是也從未看到適用 16.2.4 規則必須拿出勝負分數差來比較的實例, 雖然網友及自己覺得 16.2.4.2 的規定很可笑, 最後仍無法分出高下時, 必須抽籤決定, 但是至今還沒遇到必須比勝負分數差的例子。

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 根據世界羽聯(BWF)的《競賽通則》(General Competition Regulation)第 16 條 : 賽事中小組賽排名規則(Ranking in Tournaments  played under the pool system or in groups):

 16.2.1 首先以選手贏的比賽場次數來決定.
 16.2.2 若有兩位(組)選手贏得相同場次的比賽, 將由這兩者之間的比賽勝者排名較高.
 16.2.3 若有三位(組)或更多的選手都贏得相同場次的比賽, 將由彼此的勝負局數差來決定.
  16.2.3.1 若經過上述程序後, 還有兩位(組)選手的勝負局數差仍相同, 將由彼此之間的比賽勝者排名較高.

 16.2.4 若三位(組)或更多的選手都贏得相同場次的比賽, 且彼此的勝負局數差也相同, 將計算勝負分數差, 依勝負分數差來排出高低.
  16.2.4.1 若經過上述程序後, 還有兩位(組)選手的勝負分數差仍相同, 將由彼此之間的比賽勝者排名較高.
  16.2.4.2 若三位(組)或更多的選手經以上的比較後, 仍不分高下, 將由抽籤決定.

 規則原文:
 16.2.1 Ranking in individual championships will be established by the number of matches won.
 16.2.2 If two players / pairs have won the same number of matches, the winner of the match between them will be ranked higher.
 16.2.3 If three or more players / pairs have won the same number of matches, ranking will be established by the difference between total games won and total games lost, with greater difference ranked higher.
  16.2.3.1 If this still leaves two players / pairs equal, the winner of the match between them will be ranked higher.

 16.2.4 If three or more players / pairs have won the same number of matches and are equal in the difference between total games won and total games lost, ranking will be established by the difference between total points won and total points lost, with greater difference ranked higher.
  16.2.4.1 If this still leaves two players / pairs equal, the winner of the match between them will be ranked higher.
  16.2.4.2 If three or more players / pairs are still equal, then ranking will be established by drawing lots.

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