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2017年11月23日 星期四

[規則]世界羽聯2018年將適用的新規則--積分與賽程

 由於世界羽聯(BWF)在今年 3月間將目前的賽事重新劃分等級, 將由 BWF主辦的比賽如世界冠軍錦標賽, 混合團體世界冠軍錦標賽(蘇迪曼盃), 男女個別團體世界冠軍錦標賽(湯姆斯盃及尤伯盃), 世界青年冠軍錦標賽(Eye Level盃), 世界青年混合團體冠軍錦標賽(Suhandinata盃)及世界壯年冠軍錦標賽劃為一級賽(Grade 1)。

 而將目前的超級系列賽(Super Series)及格蘭披治大獎賽(Grand Prix Series)組成的世界巡迴賽劃為二級賽, 而二級賽事又分為六個等級, 國際挑戰賽, 國際系列賽及未來系列賽等由各洲羽聯主管的賽事則劃為三級賽。

等級 1
US$1,500,000
年終賽





等級 2
US$1,000,000
中國 英格蘭



等級 3
US$700,000
中國 丹麥 法國 日本  馬來西亞

等級 4
US$350,000
香港 印度 韓國 馬來西亞 新加坡 泰國
等級 5
US$150,000
澳洲 中華台北 德國 印度 韓國 澳門 紐西蘭


西班牙 瑞士 泰國 美國



 重新劃分賽事等級一方面是為提高賽事總獎賽, 增加選手收入,另一方面是提升比賽的精彩程度, 吸引大眾的目光, 從2018年起世界羽壇就有 4 個百萬美元級的賽事, 而且獎金分配將在 2020 年再度調高。

 既然比賽等級重新劃分, 積分及相應的規則也要進行調整, BWF在10月20日公布16章修訂後的新規則, 我從中整理出有關積分及賽程的部份, 之後若還有其他部份需提醒大家的, 會再補充。

 原本奧運及BWF主辦的世錦賽冠軍積分是 12,000, 但是明年起將調高至 13,000分, 年終賽與超級系列頂級賽的冠軍積分是 11,000, 但是明年起年終賽及等級 2(Grade 2 Level 2)的冠軍積分將提高至 12,000, 原本的超級系列賽在新制裡又分為等級 3(Level 3)及等級 4(Level 4), 因為獎金是倍數差距, 所以冠軍積分一定要有差別, Level 3則等同於原來的超級系列頂級賽, 冠軍是11,000分, Level 4 是原來的超級系列賽 9,200分。

2018年新制


2017的現制


 Level 1 的年終賽是採取先小組後淘汰的賽制, 由各項世界排名前八的選手參加, Level 2Level 3 的比賽各項將只有32個參加名額, 沒有資格預選賽, 頂尖選手必須全部出席參加, Level 4 Level 5 會內賽將有 32 個參賽名額, 保留給 4個從預選賽晉級的名額, 而且預選賽最多也只有16個名額, 也就是說明年起中華台北公開賽的男單將從 32 強開打, 而相當於大獎賽的 Level 6 比賽男單將從 48 強開始, 其他四項則是從 32強開始, 男單的預選賽最多能有32個名額, 其他四項最多有16個名額。

 2018年 BWF 世界賽事行事曆可參考本部落格這篇文章

 由於賽制名額限定的更動, 賽程安排也跟著進行調整, 由於 Level 2Level 3 的比賽沒有預選賽, 所以週二及週三都將進行首輪賽, 週四起則跟以往相同, Level 4Level 5 的比賽週二則進行預選賽及部份項目的首輪32強比賽, 目前為止有多個超級系列賽將混雙首輪移到週二進行, 而剛由預選賽晉級的 4 組混雙首輪比賽則留到週三進行。

 由於獎金提高, 比賽密集度降低, 所以 BWF 對頂尖選手參賽的強制性也提高, 之前 BWF 對頂尖選手的定義是各項世界排名前十的選手, 而且以年初及年中某次的世界排名為準, 明年起 BWF 對頂尖選手的定義更明確:

 年終賽結束後, 次週公布的世界排名(但該週必須沒有 BWF 監理的賽事, 若遇賽事則順延)單打前15名, 以及雙打前10名的選手必須參加下年度 Level 1~3 的全部比賽(共 9 站)及 7 站 Level 4 賽事中至少 4 站的比賽。

 年中補充名單則是以 7月第 1 個週四(若遇有 BWF 監理的國際賽事, 則順延)公布的世界排名單打前15名, 雙打前10名的選手則必須參加該年度接下來 Level 1~3 的全部比賽及至少 3 站的 Level 4 比賽。
  現在世界男單排名第13的王子維是否會在明年被世界羽聯列入必須參加 Level 1~3 級及至少 4 站 Level 4 等級比賽的頂尖選手? 根據我個人的看法, 如果王子維能在今年杜拜年終賽結束後公布的世界排名留在前15名, 他就算是頂尖選手, 因為明年起沒有超級系列賽。

 我才就此問題就教於國內首席國際裁判張文蔚先生, 他給我的答覆是 BWF 發給各國羽協的通知, 明年的頂尖選手將以今天(11月23日)下午公布的世界排名為準, 下半年的補充名單則是以今年 7月26日公布的世界排名為準。

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