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2014年6月10日 星期二

[新聞] BWF提計分制改革三方案, 強調尊重選手意見

 在2014年湯尤盃舉行的同時, 世界羽聯(BWF)也開會討論不少議案, 除了決定下屆湯尤盃及明年世青盃的主辦國家/城市之外, 還提出一項相當重要的議案就是現行賽制中的計分制是否要在進行調整改變。

 現行的 3 局 21 分制是在 2005 年試行之後, 才在 2006 年正式採用. 在 2006 年之前, 羽球正式比賽是採取15分(女單11分)的「發球得分制」. 意即發球方才有得分的權力, 接發球方則只能盡力搶回發球權. 因為當時的比賽除了搶分之外, 雙方還要不斷搶奪發球權, 而雙打兩位選手都有發球權, 必須是兩位選手都喪失發球權之後, 對手才搶得發球權, 這使得比賽時間長度難以掌握. 後來因應電視轉播的趨勢與需求, 國際羽總(世界羽聯的前身)才在 2006 年正式採用21分新賽制「落地得分制」, 也就是目前現行的主流賽制。

 由於羽球運動近期的發展趨勢是各國推出自己的聯賽, 除了歷史悠久的日本企業團聯賽之外, 中國也在近幾年推出自己的聯賽, 而影響最大的是去年推出的印度羽球聯賽, 除了邀請世界好手參與聯賽, 他們也創設一些特殊的規則, 為了配合電視轉播及廣告插播, 前兩局採用21分爭先制, 沒有延長加分賽, 跟現行 BWF 規則不同, BWF規則是當雙方選手得分 20-20 平手後, 其中一方必須連贏 2 分, 才算贏得這一局, 若雙方一直僵持到 29-29 平手, 誰先得到 30 分就算贏. 另外在前兩局裡, 任何一方選手比分達到 7 及 14 分時, 比賽就要暫停休息一分鐘. 而決勝局則是採 11 分驟死賽, 在其中一方得 6 分時進行間歇換場方便電視台播廣告.他們邀請的選手包括台灣的戴資穎、馬來西亞的李宗偉及丹麥的約根森等。

 而中國也在 2013/14 年中國羽球超級聯賽試行11分制, 也是為了提昇比賽的精彩性及刺激度, 同時方便電視轉播, 以達到推廣羽球運動的目的。

 BWF 在去年底注意到這個現象, 也表示可能會考慮調整現行的實制, 於是在湯尤盃開打前向選手進行意見調查, 同時在賽事結束後開會討論, 不過目前也沒有定案。



 BWF提出三項方案詢問選手的意見, 分別是:
  • 前兩局維持21分制, 30分封頂, 決勝局改為11分制, 也有 Deuce,15分封頂
  • 三局兩勝15分制, 19分封頂
  • 五局三勝 9 分制, 13分封頂
儘管新方案還在討論中, 五屆世界冠軍及兩屆奧運冠軍--林丹對 BWF 的做法不滿,“世界羽聯不斷在修改, 從以前的15分到11分再到21分, 似乎這項運動的魅力是比分.” 林丹稱, “這些年改了那麼多次制度, 改來改去, 如果你對自己自信的話, 根本不會這樣, 之所以這麼做還是因為不自信。”

 中國男單選手諶龍在聽到 BWF 可能改變得分制之後, 表示:「羽毛球的賽制一直在改, 作為運動員我們都需要去適應, 當然如果採用 9 分制或者 15分 制的話, 對於一些老運動員有好處, 可以延長他們的運動壽命, 讓他們繼續打下去。」

 已經退役的丹麥名將彼得.蓋德對於計分制的看法, 「我覺得如果計分制改變了, 這可能對羽毛球的未來是有利的, 不過具體要看怎樣改計分制了, 我覺得現在男單的計分制是不錯的, 其他單項的計分制可能需要改一改。」

 我個人曾在今年 3 月左右請教合庫羽球隊總教練陳秀恩有關賽制可能改變的看法, 他認為若改成單局分數低且多局數應該是歐洲方面的提議, 因為他們的選手爆發性較強, 較缺乏韌性,可以把精力集中在某些局數來搶勝, 不過不管規則如何修改, 選手及教練就是要做出調整適應。

 BWF 秘書長倫德最後表示, 目前還不確定是否會做出調整, 甚至也還不到做出決定的時刻, 他們希望各方都能提供各種意見, 包括球迷, 媒體及贊助商. 不過選手的意見是最優先的考量. 因此他們才會在開會一週前就發出通知, 希望瞭解選手的看法. 接下來可能要花幾個月進行討論, 達成共識後, 再進行測試與評估。

1 則留言:

  1. 一切都是為了要對抗蠻牛般的中國選手~~ XD

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