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2013年2月22日 星期五

[電玩]Sony在美國紐約發表 PlayStation 4 新主機


 
 雖然家庭電子遊戲市場被 Apple iOS 及 Google Android 作業系統平台的行動裝置大舉侵蝕, 讓日本任天堂(Nintendo), Sony(索尼)及美國微軟(Microsoft)的三大家庭主機市場也漸漸萎縮. 手機及平板電腦的遊戲市場已經取得全球每年 800 億美元的10%。

 雖然在 Wii vs PlayStation 3 vs Xbox 360 這一世代的家用電玩主機大戰中, Wii 以主機銷售數量稱王, 但是體感遊戲的新鮮感在熱潮退落後, 無法吸引這些消費者購買更多的遊戲, 而Xbox 360 及 PS3 的全球累計銷量也都突破 7,000 萬台, 同時也推出體感遊戲附件及新增網路遊戲商城。

 微軟 Xbox 發言人 Major Nelson 今年初在他的部落格設立一個倒數的計時器, 倒數至今年 6月間於洛杉磯舉行的 E3 電玩展, 外面揣測微軟將在今年 E3 展揭露Xbox 360的後繼機種。

 Sony 則是在 2月 20日於紐約舉行 PlayStation Meeting 2013 揭露他們下一世代的新主機 PlayStation 4, 不過在這次PS Meeting裡, Sony並沒有展出 PS4 的原型機, 或確切的上市日期及售價, 只說將在今年年終假期上市, 另外強調新設計的 DualShock 4 手把搖桿及 Eye, 它不僅是把 PS3 時代的體感遊戲擴充套件 Move(手把及攝影機)整合在一起, 還新增觸控面板及分享功能, 在兩個香菇頭控制鈕上方是個觸控面板, 而在觸控面板左右各有一個按鈕, 左方是"Share(分享)", 右方是"Option(選項)",  這個"分享"按鈕可以讓你直接在 Ustream 等影片分享網站即時轉播你遊戲的畫面, 可以讓你的朋友發表評論或提供建議, 也可以讓你上傳遊戲畫面截圖或影片到 Facebook, 端視遊戲設計者如何設計這個"分享"按鈕的功能。



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 搖桿前方的 LED發光部就是讓主機系統認清不同的玩家, 除了有 microUSB 的充電插孔之外, 還有一個耳麥插孔, 讓玩家可以透過網路跟其他玩家溝通合作, 甚至也可以讓放在電視螢幕上方的 PS4 Eye (內建兩個攝影機鏡頭) 偵測玩家的距離及位置, 調整不同的音量及音效, 讓遊戲更有立體感。
Camera_05Camera_07

 當年 PS3 由於是採用 IBM PowerPC 架構, 由 Sony, 東芝(Toshiba)及IBM 合作設計生產的 Cell 中央處理器及特製版的 Linux 作業系統, 使得遊戲開發者在開發初期遭遇不少困難, 經過六年之後, 半導體產業也經過翻天覆地的變化, 市場主流處理器只剩下 Intel, AMD 兩家生產 x86 架構CPU, 及 MIPS 及 ARM RISC核心架構處理器, Apple 的 AX系列處理器, Qualcomm(高通)的Snapdragon(驍龍)及韓國三星的 Exynos 系列系統單晶片也都是採用 ARM 核心架構。


 為了避免重蹈覆轍, 這次 Sony 決定跟蘋果一樣採用市場主流, 強大的 x86 架構處理器, 根據日本Sony電腦娛樂公司的新聞稿, PS4 將採用 AMD(超微)的 64位元 x86 架構 8 核心, 代號 Jaguar 的加速處理器--將繪圖處理器(GPU)及中央處理器(CPU)整合在單一晶片, 而且繪圖處理器內建18個計算處理單元, 系統記憶體採用 8GB 的GDDR5 記憶體, 由低耗電的 Jaguar 中央處理器及次世代的 Radeon 繪圖處理器共用。



 AMD 也在次日發表新聞稿說明, 他們將為 Sony 在今年生產這款定製的 APU,  他們將在今年 3月遊戲開發商大會(Game Developers Conference)上進一步說明及展示這款 APU,  或許就是因為 AMD 還沒有完成這款 APU 的樣本, 所以 Sony 才無法在會上展示原型機。

 不過也因為 Sony 改採 X86 架構, 讓遊戲開發商相當容易上手, 所以有不少大型遊戲廠商參加這場展示會, 包括 Blizzard Entertainment 宣布將開發 PS4 平台的 Diablo III, 及曾為微軟 Xbox 平台開發出"Halo"大作的 Bungie 也加入 Sony 開發商陣營, 不過美國或者是世界最大的電腦遊戲開發商 EA(藝電)卻不在其中, 也令人擔憂。

 PlayStation Meeting 2013影片在此:


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