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2012年9月19日 星期三

[轉載]李永波搬“博爾特”砸了自己的腳? -- 瀟湘晨報

中國《瀟湘晨報》9月18日 
記者柳寶來 長沙報導

  終於,李永波開口了。這位中國羽毛球隊總教練選擇日前在央視一套《看見》節目兌現承諾,解讀倫敦奧運中國羽毛球女雙消極比賽事件。不過,李總教練的發言卻再次引起爭議——他搬出了博爾特、足球以及籃球的“消極比賽”事例,認為這些都該受到處罰。然而,事實真的是這樣嗎?


[說法] 國際羽聯太草率,別人也有假打

  倫敦奧運羽球女雙消極比賽遭到重磅處罰之後,李永波在輿論強大的壓力下曾公開表示道歉。然而,此番面對央視記者柴靜的採訪,李總教練的態度不再平靜,他直接質問國際羽聯:“太草率了吧,憑什麼取消運動員的比賽資格?我不明白!10年來世界羽聯從來沒有處罰過任何消極比賽的人,甚至沒有任何輕微的 處罰。”

  李永波當然不忘舉例,他說,當年印尼、馬來西亞等球隊因為不想遭遇中國隊,便用單打球員打雙打、雙打球員打單打,企圖輸掉比賽,卻沒有受到處罰。面對記者“中國運動員故意發球不過網”的疑問,李永波顯然有點著急,“都想輸,你發過去她們也不會接!”最終,他將“消極比賽”歸罪於賽制的漏洞, “這個比賽打成這樣肯定不好看,我也知道不好看,但你以前從來沒有標準,你制定的規則有問題,人家只是鑽你規則的空子。”


[舉例] 博爾特衝線前減速,也是消極比賽

  李永波同時表示,其他專案中也存在大量的“公然嘲弄裁判和觀眾智商”的做法,但卻被外界所接受,這些做法和羽毛球女雙消極比賽是一樣的,“那其他不是(消極比賽)嗎?博爾特跑到最後20米的時候,他不使勁跑了是不是消極比賽?足球比賽已經出線了我主力不上場,我全派非主力是不是消極比賽?NBA的比賽,還剩下最後10分鐘,領先30分,垃圾時間全是替補上場,是不是消極比賽?都可以處罰的!”

  那麼,這一段底氣十足的連續反問又真的在理嗎?9月17日,本報聯繫採訪了多位資深體育媒體人,得到的答案都是否定的。

解讀1•如何定義消極?

 博爾特倒著跑,那才算消極比賽

  在李永波的理論中,博爾特最後階段放慢速度以及NBA垃圾時間派上替補,和于洋/王曉理故意發球不過網或發球出界是一個性質。對此,資深體育媒體人顏曉華表示:“如果博爾特跑到最後突然反過來往起點跑,或者NBA比賽中有人往自家籃框投籃求敗,李永波的類比才能成立。”

  顏曉華認為,體育競技的核心原則是爭勝,如果出現“爭敗”便突破了體育的底線。“博爾特放慢速度、NBA在垃圾時間上替補,都是在該場比賽領先 一方已確保勝利的前提下,適當‘收斂’。你在大比分領先時‘收’一下,是允許的,也是被大家接受的,這和‘爭敗’是完全兩個概念。”

  “有時候,上替補也是對對手的一種尊重。比如著名的NBA奧本山宮殿鬥毆事件,就是因為領先一方在最後時刻還沒換下主力,導致雙方發生衝突。其實,NBA已經形成了這種傳統,如果你最後幾分鐘大比分領先,就應該換替補上,而不應該追求更大的分差,否則對手可能認為你要羞辱他。”顏曉華拿出了事例,“又比如中國乒乓球隊和非洲某國選手比賽時,也許可以給對方吃零蛋,但為了對手的顏面,中國選手也會適當輸幾個。”

  在顏曉華看來,體育比賽的第一原則是公平公正公開地爭勝,然後還要拒絕不擇手段操控比賽,“中國羽毛球女雙消極比賽,實際原因還是球隊對金牌的惡性追求,企圖破壞遊戲規則,操控比賽,這違背了體育精神。本來奧運之後,責任人應該有恰當的說法。但你沒有交代,反而在為自己開脫,說什麼奪取金牌是最 好的回答,這不符合邏輯。錯就錯了,跟你奪金牌有什麼關係?拿了金牌並不是說你就全對了。”

解讀2•如何利用規則?

 利用規則和消極比賽,有重疊更有分界

  李永波認為在足球比賽中,很多球隊在提前出線後用替補踢無關緊要的比賽,這也是消極比賽。國際足球專家駱明接受本報採訪時表示:“這當然不能算消極比賽。比如踢世界盃、歐冠,你小組賽提前出線了,為了保證主力球員的體力、避免傷病,在最後一場無關緊要的比賽中派上替補,絕對無可厚非,這是一種對賽制的合理利用,大家都能接受和理解。”

  駱明認為,人們對規則允許下的某些不盡全力比賽的行為進行批判,屬於道德批判的範疇,“道德是寬泛的,沒有固定的標準,有的人認為可以接受,有的人則認為不行。道德雖然沒有固定標準,但有底線。比如剛才說的在無關緊要的比賽中上替補,有‘道德潔癖’的人可能也認為是不符合體育精神的,但實際上大多數人都接受這種現象。”

  “足球比賽中,合理利用規則和消極比賽有時會有重疊和交叉,但並非沒有界線。不是說所有利用規則的行為都是可以接受的,你合理利用規則可以,但不能觸犯體育道德的底線。比如足球比賽,你上替補陣容可以,但你不能讓球員往自家球門踢球,這樣的行為絕對不能接受,它會讓比賽失去意義。”駱明強調。其實,早在倫敦奧運期間,蔡振華在評價中國羽毛球消極比賽事件時就曾指出:“規則可以利用,但不是這樣利用。”而正如資深體育媒體人張路平所說:“體育比賽的底線,就是不能把爭勝變成爭敗。

 新聞網址: http://epaper.xxcb.cn/xxcba/html/2012-09/18/content_2647447.htm

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