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2012年8月21日 星期二

[轉載]專家: 中國羽球隊消極比賽不應功過相抵


中國羽球隊 8月19日抵達青島, 對備戰奧運期間青島給予的支援表達感謝

《中國青年報》記者 慈鑫 8月19日北京電

 從倫敦奧運會歸來的中國羽毛球隊, 近日頻頻高調參加各類商業和社會活動, 有關羽毛球隊的慶功宴、林丹婚禮和老將是否退役等報導成為主流, 而中國羽毛球隊是否將因奧運消極比賽接受進一步處罰卻被刻意淡化了. 據知情人士透露, 中國羽毛球隊在倫敦奧運會上包攬的5枚金牌, 已成為抵擋追加處罰的盾牌, 功過相抵成了中國羽毛球隊免受進一步處罰的最好藉口. 但業內專家表示, 如果中國羽毛球隊真的因為獲得五枚金牌就免受進一步處罰, 那將進一步證明中國競技體育的“唯金牌論”.

 隨著倫敦奧運會的結束, 獲得金牌的中國各運動項目國家隊開始在各類商業和社會活動中穿梭奔走. 一向不缺少廠商支援的中國羽毛球隊更是曝光率最高的運動隊之一, 中國羽毛球隊一次次高調面對公眾和媒體, 以光鮮亮麗的形象面世, 似乎消極比賽的醜聞早已與自己沒什麼關係了。

 在中國羽毛球隊回國之後, 總教練李永波始終在刻意淡化消極比賽事件, 他幾次向媒體表示, “都過去了, 就不要再提了”、“不要再因為這件事繼續糾纏下去”. 而在倫敦奧運會上發生中國羽毛球女雙隊員消極比賽事件之後, 李永波曾公開致歉並表示, 將由自己承擔該事件全部責任.中國代表團也在第一時間發佈聲明, 表明反對任何違背體育道德和奧運精神行為的立場. 國際奧會也曾建議涉及羽毛球隊消極比賽事件的相關代表團對導致事件發生的幕後責任人進行追加處理.

 據韓國媒體報導, 在韓國代表團回國之後, 韓國羽協在 8月14日宣佈一份極其嚴厲的處罰決定: 韓國羽毛球隊主教練成韓國和女雙主管教練金文秀被取消執教資格, 兩人今後不得從事國家隊、實業隊和地方隊的執教工作, 這意味著兩人的教練生涯已經被徹底終結; 4名在奧運會上消極比賽的女雙隊員鄭景銀、金荷娜、河貞恩和金旼貞被開除出國家隊, 且兩年內不得參加任何國內、國際比賽.

 此項處罰決定生效後, 韓國羽毛球隊的整體實力嚴重受損, 但韓國羽協這種壯士斷腕的行為卻得到韓國媒體的高度認可.

 相比起韓國方面對消極比賽當事人和責任人進行嚴肅處理的強硬立場, 中國代表團的態度卻顯得十分曖昧. 在 8月11日中國代表團舉行的奧運總結新聞發佈會上, 代表團團長劉鵬重申堅決反對羽毛球女雙選手的消極比賽行為, 尚未道明是否對中國羽毛球隊相關教練採取進一步處理措施. 中國羽毛球隊總教練李永波的態度也在逐漸改變, 從最初的致歉認錯, 到告誡公眾“不要上壞人的當”, 再到希望公眾和媒體不要繼續糾纏此事. 李永波認為, 當全隊經過努力實現包攬五枚奧運金牌的輝煌後, 再說消極比賽這件事, 已經沒有多大的意義.

 五枚金牌成了中國羽毛球隊免受追加處罰的“免死金牌”, 再加上羽毛球項目是中國奧運軍團中的奪金大戶, 對這樣一支金牌之師痛下殺手, 勢必將影響中國奧運軍團的奪金能力. 綜合考慮, 息事寧人很可能成為國家體育總局和中國羽協對消極比賽事件最終的處理方式。但在國家體育總局奧林匹克研究中心主任、北京體育大學教授任海看來, 如果中國羽毛球隊真的因為所謂的“功過相抵”而免受理應受到的追加處罰, “只要有金牌, 什麼原則都可以放棄, 中國體育的形象肯定會因此大為受損.”

 “消極比賽是一種為了達到某種成績的目標, 而以違背體育道德和奧林匹克精神的方式參加比賽的行為, 從本質上來說, 這和使用興奮劑有什麼區別?”任海說, “以這種方式得到的金牌, 它代表的是怎樣的一種體育精神? 它對社會、對青少年又有怎樣的教育意義? 這不是和奧林匹克以體育運動教育人的理念背道而馳嗎?!”

 “中國羽毛球隊獲得的奧運成績和消極比賽應該受到的處罰是兩碼事, 奧運成績再輝煌, 也不應該作為羽毛球隊免受處罰的理由, 二者之間本沒有必然聯繫, ”任海表示, 如果混淆二者的概念, 那就是中國體育主管部門對原則性問題的界定不清和認識模糊.

 考慮到運動員消極比賽與教練的指示有很大關係, 任海認為, 對消極比賽事件的進一步處理, 應主要體現在對相關教練的處罰上.

 新聞網址: http://zqb.cyol.com/html/2012-08/20/nw.D110000zgqnb_20120820_5-08.htm
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北京體育大學教授任海出席今年 6月 8日香港體育界的清華大學國情教研修團擔任講座, 地點在北京體育大學. 講座題目是"中國內地體育的發展歷史與展望"



 這兩張照片由香港羽球攝影家梁家樂熱情贊助, 更多照片 在此.

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