以麥經理的運動趣味為主, 讀書心得及嗜好收藏為輔.... 建議瀏覽視窗寬度 1024 pixel

2012年7月26日 星期四

[雜記]英國每日郵報用圖表介紹羽球


 英國《每日郵報》用圖表來向對羽球不太熟悉的英國民眾說明今年倫敦奧運羽球競賽項目。

羽球競賽
期間: 7月28日(週六)至8月5日(週日)
地點: 溫布利體育館
獎牌: 5 面, 選手人數: 172 人

運動起源: 由18世紀中期在印度駐紮的英國軍官把當地一項傳統的拍子球(battledore and shuttlecock)遊戲改編, 在兩邊選手中間增加一道隔網, 原本是以從事這項遊戲運動的當地名稱命名 poona, 後來則以 Beaufort 公爵在格洛斯特郡的封邑 Badminton 宅邸命名.

場地: 長13公尺, 寬 7 公尺, 單打區以內白線標示, 寬 5.18 公尺, 球網上緣距離地面 1.55 公尺.
球拍(RACKET): 由碳纖維製成的邊框, 串以高張力的尼龍線,
羽球(Shuttlecock): 以 16 根羽毛製成的羽球, 重量在 4.74~5.5 公克, 最快初速可以超過時速 400公里
最好的羽球據說是採用鵝左翼的鵝翎製成.

規則: 羽球比賽分為單打與雙打, 採三局兩勝制, 每局以先得 21 分者為勝, 若雙方打成 20-20 平手之後, 其中一方必須先連兩方才能獲勝, 若雙方打成 29-29 手平, 那先得 30分者為獲勝.

發球(Serve): 發球者必須將球過網擊至斜對方的接球區域, 單打的接球區域以紅線方框標, 雙打以水藍線方框標示. 撃球點必須在擊球者的腰部, 低於胸部, 且球桿必須朝下, 雙腳不得離開地面.

殺球(Smash): 擊球點在頭頂上方, 以大力將球直接擊向對手場地.

挑球(Lift): 將距離球網不遠, 高度低於球網的球向對手場地後方高挑.



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