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2012年2月18日 星期六

[轉載]中國乒羽出怪招"搶"積分 -- 南方日報



 (南方日報記者/梁燕2月18日) 日前,2012年國際乒聯職業巡迴賽在科威特開打,最初出現在國際乒聯參賽名單中的中國男乒選手,包括王皓、馬琳、許昕、馬龍和張繼科全數缺席。國乒領隊黃飈表示只是為世乒賽儲存體力,不存在傷病問題。一方面國乒無故缺席,另一方面國羽卻“多此一舉”地參加本周正在澳門舉行的湯尤杯亞洲區預選賽。在奧運年,乒羽作為中國軍團實力最強也是壓力最大的隊伍,已經開始使用“智取型”參賽模式。種種舉措惹來國外選手乃至國內球迷的爭議,甚至引發了李永波和英國名將的口水戰。究竟,利用規則裡的小漏洞來爭取金牌,是不是強大的中國隊該走的道路?


退賽參賽皆有盤算

  從今年1月開始,國乒報名參加了在歐洲和中東的一系列職業巡迴賽。但在前幾站戰績彪炳的情況下,以王皓、馬琳、張繼科為首的男乒突然集體退出了最後一站的科威特公開賽。對此國乒領隊黃飈表示,“退賽和傷病無關,只是因為現在隊伍還處在封閉集訓中,2月22日我們所有主力還要前往澳門參加亞錦賽,所以為了隊員們的體能儲備,也為了更好地備戰世乒賽,這站公開賽我們的主力隊員就不參加了。”

  男乒的集體退賽,一方面對主辦方是很大的打擊,一方面也有網友提出質疑:明知道2月22日還要前往澳門參加比賽,為何當初還是堅持報名,不把機會留給小將?需知道,目前國乒也還在攢奧運積分過程中,多報幾站是為了保險起見,如果前幾站成績不是這麼突出,那科威特站難保不會出現中國男乒的身影。

  國乒退賽,國羽則積極參賽,本來作為湯杯的衛冕冠軍和湯尤杯東道主,中國羽毛球隊能直接進入今年5月在武漢舉行的湯尤杯決賽圈。但國羽為了幫助陳金爭取更多奧運積分,竟主動組隊參加本周正在澳門舉行的湯尤杯亞洲區預選賽。

  根據國際羽聯規則,只有當陳金也躋身世界排名前4,中國才能拿滿男單3個參賽席位,而目前排名第4的丹麥名將蓋德拉開第5的陳金比較大的差距。單純靠5月1日前的幾站公開賽,有傷在身的陳金已經很難在積分榜上追上蓋德。但湯尤杯預選賽有個奇怪的規則,只要參賽,選手無論勝負,都將獲得大賽總積分的10%。中國隊人才濟濟,此次拉隊報名參賽,陳金只比了一場就開始養傷,一樣輕鬆攢到積分。


國際口水戰引發信譽危機

  國羽表示要參加湯尤杯預選賽的時候,很多隊伍的教練和媒體才紛紛去查國際羽聯的規則,原來國際羽聯還真沒規定已經直接獲得決賽圈資格的隊伍不能參賽。當然,在當初制定規則時,誰能想到有隊伍會“多次一舉”呢。

  國羽的參賽資格是符合規定的,但不代表此舉就得人心。日本隊教練朴柱奉表示:“世界羽聯必須訂下更嚴格的規則,不然將無法控制這種情況。在去年,中國羽球隊也發生不少讓球事件。”

  而英國羽毛球混雙名將阿德考克在接受英國《每日電訊報》採訪時稱,去年的所有羽毛球世界大賽中,中國選手之間的比賽中棄權、退賽的現象十分普遍,導致自己無法直接獲得奧運入場券。《每日電訊報》還引用了一組數據,2011年,中國選手在比賽中相互對陣99次,其中20場沒有完賽(11場有選手棄權),退賽率高達20%,當中國選手對陣外國選手時,中國選手的退賽比例只有0.21%。對此,李永波的回應非常強硬,“別理他們,他肯定忘記吃藥,腦子出問題了!”他還強調,“我們對得起球迷,打好每場比賽這就夠了,別人說什麼無所謂。”


新聞分析 金牌多了觀衆少了怎麼辦

  在規則允許的情況下,玩一些智力小游戲,以保證本隊的利益最大化,這種情況其實並不只是出現在中國羽毛球隊中。包括足球的國際比賽中,在小組賽階段通過“讓球”計算積分排位,以選擇對手等等,已不是什麼怪事。

  但國羽這一次所引發的巨大爭議,一方面是因為“主動參賽”確實比故意輸球更罕見,這一舉措在體育史上都不多見,難免會顯得有些張揚。另一方面,也是因為國羽此前曾有多次主動退賽的的舉措,已經引起了很多國外選手的不滿。但更重要的是,中國羽毛球隊是羽壇霸主,作為一支几乎無敵的強隊,採取這種方式來獲取金牌,難免讓對手覺得被“趕盡殺絕”。而且國羽無論是主動退賽還是舉隊參賽為陳金攢積分,都是利用了潛在的集體優勢,其他隊伍即使發現了這個規則漏洞,想模仿也比較難。在這種情況下,自然引發了更多的不滿。

  體育世界有很多事情難以一句對或者錯來判別,規則放在那裏,只要不違反規則,確實很難制裁某一種行為。很切實的一點就是,國羽通過這種方式獲得了金牌,同時也破壞了這項運動的魅力。退賽一直都是最傷害觀衆感情的舉措。

  羽毛球和乒乓球成為奧運項目的時間不長,但幾乎一直被中國隊所壟斷,這也導致這兩項目在奧運項目的排序一直不高,此前也曾多次有被“剔除”出奧運的危機。國際乒聯和國際羽聯為了保證項目在奧運的地位,多次修改規則,包括把乒乓球的雙打改為團體賽,也是杜絶被中國選手包辦決賽的可能,羽毛球雙打減少每個協會入選席位,也是增加比賽的懸念。

  一方面是項目協會為了在奧運生存而苦苦掙扎,一方面確實中國隊繼續利用人數優勢走規則的空子,繼續維持壟斷優勢。作為一名中國觀衆,我們很難說出不想要金牌這樣的話語,但我們只能擔心地問一句,當觀衆越來越少,這個項目還如何在奧運生存下去?

 新聞網址: http://epaper.nfdaily.cn/html/2012-02/18/content_7058090.htm

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